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Friday, April 14, 2006

Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests



Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, also known as tropical rain forests, are a tropical and subtropical biome. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests are found in a belt around the equator and in the humid subtropics, and are characterized by warm, humid climates with high year-round rainfall. Tropical and subtropical regions with lower rainfall or distinct wet and dry seasons are home to Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests and Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests. Temperate rain forests also occur in certain humid temperate coastal regions. Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests are common in several terrestrial ecozones, including parts of the Afrotropic (equatorial Africa), Indomalaya (parts of the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia), the Neotropic (northern South America and Central America), Australasia ecozone (eastern Indonesia, New Guinea, and northern Australia), and Oceania ecozone (the tropical islands of the Pacific Ocean). laurag23bAbout half of the worlds tropical rainforests are in the South American country of Brazil. Rain forests now cover less than 6% of Earths land surface. Scientists estimate that more than half of all the worlds plant and animal species live in tropical rain forests. Tropical rainforests produce 40% of Earths oxygen.
water very wet
temperature always warm
soil poor and thin
plants many
animals many Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests ecoregions
Albertine Rift montane forests (Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda)
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests (Angola, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon)
Cameroonian Highlands forests (Cameroon, Nigeria)
Central Congolian lowland forests (Democratic Republic of Congo)
Comoros forests (Comoros)
Cross-Niger transition forests (Nigeria)
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests (Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria)
East African montane forests (Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania)
Eastern Arc forests (Tanzania, Kenya)
Eastern Congolian swamp forests (Democratic Republic of Congo)
Eastern Guinean forests (Benin, Ghana, Côte dIvoire, Togo)
Ethiopian montane forests (Ethiopia)
Granitic Seychelles forests (Seychelles)
Guinean montane forests (Guinea, Côte dIvoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone)
Knysna-Amatole montane forests (South Africa)
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic (South Africa)
Madagascar lowland forests (Madagascar)
Madagascar subhumid forests (Madagascar)
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic (Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa)
Mascarene forests (Mauritius, Réunion)
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests (Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea)
Niger Delta swamp forests (Nigeria)
Nigerian lowland forests (Benin, Nigeria)
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of Congo)
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic (Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania)
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of Congo)
São Tomé and Príncipe moist lowland forests (São Tomé and Príncipe)
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic (Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabwe)
Western Congolian swamp forests (Democratic Republic of Congo, toibeglsdRepublic of Congo)
Western Guinean lowland forests (Guinea, Côte dIvoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone)
Admiralty Islands lowland rain forests (Papua New Guinea)
Banda Sea Islands moist deciduous forests (Indonesia)
Biak-Numfoor rain forests (Indonesia)
Buru rain forests (Indonesia)
Central Range montane rain forests (Indonesia, Papua New Guinea)
Halmahera rain forests (Indonesia)
Huon Peninsula montane rain forests (Papua New Guinea)
Japen rain forests (Indonesia)
Lord Howe Island subtropical forests (Australia)
Louisiade Archipelago rain forests (Papua New Guinea)
New Britain-New Ireland lowland rain forests (Papua New Guinea)
New Britain-New Ireland montane rain forests (Papua New Guinea)
New Caledonia rain forests (New Caledonia)
Norfolk Island subtropical forests (Australia)
Northern New Guinea lowland rain and freshwater swamp forests (Indonesia, Papua New Guinea)
Northern New Guinea montane rain forests (Indonesia, Papua New Guinea)
Queensland tropical rain forests (Australia)
Seram rain forests (Indonesia)
Solomon Islands rain forests (Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands)
Southeastern Papuan rain forests (Papua New Guinea)
Southern New Guinea freshwater swamp forests (Indonesia, Papua New Guinea)
Southern New Guinea lowland rain forests (Indonesia, Papua New Guinea)
Sulawesi lowland rain forests (Indonesia)
Sulawesi montane rain forests (Indonesia)
Trobriand Islands rain forests (Papua New Guinea)
Vanuatu rain forests (Solomon Islands, Vanuatu)
Vogelkop montane rain forests (Indonesia)
Vogelkop-Aru lowland rain forests (Indonesia)
Andaman Islands rain forests (India)
Borneo lowland rain forests (Indonesia, Malaysia)
Borneo montane rain forests (Indonesia, Malaysia)
Borneo peat swamp forests (Indonesia, Malaysia)
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests (India)
Cardamom Mountains rain forests (Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam)
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests (Thailand)
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests (Thailand)
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests (India, Myanmar)
Christmas and Cocos Islands acrobat readertropical forests (Australia)
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests (India)
Eastern Java-Bali montane rain forests (Indonesia)
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests (Indonesia)
Greater Negros-Panay rain forests (Philippines)
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests (China)
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests (Bhutan, India, Nepal)
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests (Myanmar)
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests (Myanmar)
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests (China)
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests (Myanmar, Thailand)
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests (Laos, Thailand, Vietnam)
Luang Prabang montane rain forests (Laos)
Luzon montane rain forests (Philippines)
Luzon rain adobe acrobat downloadforests (Philippines)
Malabar Coast moist forests (India)
Maldives-Lakshadweep-Chagos Archipelago tropical moist forests (British Indian Ocean Territory, India, Maldives)
Meghalaya subtropical forests (India)
Mentawai Islands rain forests (Indonesia)
Mindanao montane rain forests (Philippines)
Mindanao-Eastern Visayas rain forests (Philippines)
Mindoro rain forests (Philippines)
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests (Bangladesh, India, Myanmar)
Myanmar coastal rain forests (Myanmar)
Nansei Islands subtropical evergreen forests (Japan)
Nicobar Islands rain forests (India)
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests (India)
North Western Ghats montane rain forests (India)
Northern Annamites rain forests (Laos, Vietnam)
Northern Indochina subtropical forests (China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam)
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests (Laos, Thailand)
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests (Laos, Thailand)
Northern Triangle subtropical forests (Myanmar)
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests (Vietnam)
Orissa semi-evergreen forests (India)
Palawan rain forests (Philippines)
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests (Malaysia, Thailand)
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests (Malaysia, Thailand)
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests (Indonesia, Malaysia)
Red River freshwater swamp forests (Vietnam)
South China Sea Islands (disputed between China, Malaysia, Philippines, Taiwan, Vietnam)
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests (China, Vietnam)
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests (Taiwan)
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests (India)
South Western Ghats montane rain forests (India)
Southern Annamites montane rain forests (Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam)
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests (Indonesia)
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests (Sri Lanka)
Sri Lanka montane rain forests (Sri Lanka)
Sulu Archipelago rain forests (Philippines)
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests (Indonesia)
Sumatran lowland rain forests (Indonesia)
Sumatran montane rain forests (Indonesia)
Sumatran peat swamp forests (Indonesia)
Sundaland heath forests (Indonesia)
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests (Bangladesh, India)
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests (Taiwan)
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests (Malaysia Myanmar, Thailand)
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests (Cambodia, Vietnam)
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests (Cambodia, Vietnam)
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests (India)
Western Java montane rain forests (Indonesia)
Western Java rain forests (Indonesia)
Araucaria moist forests (Argentina, Brazil)
Atlantic Coast restingas (Brazil)
Bahia coastal forests (Brazil)
Bahia interior forests (Brazil)
Bolivian Yungas (Bolivia, Peru)
Caatinga Enclaves moist forests (Brazil)
Caqueta moist forests (Brazil, Colombia)
Catatumbo moist forests (Venezuela)
Cauca Valley montane forests (Colombia)
Cayos Miskitos-San Andrés and Providencia moist forests (Colombia, Nicaragua)
Central American Atlantic moist forests (Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama)
Central American montane forests (El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua)
Chiapas montane forests (Mexico)
Chimalapas montane forests (Mexico)
Chocó-Darién Moist Forests (Colombia, Ecuador, Panama)
Cocos Island moist forests (Costa Rica)
Cordillera La Costa montane forests (Venezuela)
Cordillera Oriental montane forests (Colombia, Venezuela)
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests (Costa Rica, Nicaragua)
Cuban moist forests (Cuba)
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests (Colombia, Ecuador, Peru)
Eastern Panamanian montane forests (Colombia, Panama)
Fernanda de Noronha-Atol das Rocas moist forests (Brazil)
Guayanan highlands forests (Brazil, Colombia, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela)
Guianan moist forests (Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela)
Gurupa varzea (Brazil)
Hispaniolan moist forests (Dominican Republic, Haiti)
Iquitos varzea (Bolivia, Brazil, Peru)
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests (Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama)
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests (Costa Rica, Panama)
Jamaican moist forests (Jamaica)
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests (Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela)
Juruá-Purus moist forests (Brazil)
Leeward Islands moist forests (Antigua, British Virgin Islands, Guadeloupe, Montserrat, Nevis, Saint Kitts, British Virgin Islands)
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests (Bolivia, Brazil)
Magdalena Valley montane forests (Colombia)
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests (Colombia)
Marajó varzea (Brazil)
Maranhão Baba adobe acrobat reader free downloadu forests (Brazil)
Mato Grosso tropical dry forests (Brazil)
Monte Alegre varzea(Brazil)
Napo Moist Forests (Colombia, Ecuador, Peru)
Negro-Branco moist forests (Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela)
Northeastern Brazil restingas (Brazil)
Northwestern Andean montane forests (Colombia, Ecuador)
Oaxacan montane forests (Mexico)
Orinoco Delta swamp forests (Guyana, Venezuela)
Pantanos de Centla (Mexico)
Paramaribo swamp forests (Guyana, Suriname)
Parañá-Paraíba interior forests (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay)
Pernambuco coastal forests (Brazil)
Pernambuco interior forests (Brazil)
Peruvian Yungas (Peru)
Petén-Veracruz moist forests (Mexico)
Puerto Rican moist forests (Puerto Rico)
Purus varzea (Brazil)
Purus-Madeira moist forests (Brazil)
Rio Negro campinarana (Brazil, Colombia)
Santa Marta montane forests (Colombia)
Serra do Mar coastal forests (Brazil)
Sierra de los Tuxtlas (Mexico)
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest (El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico)
Solimões-Japurá moist forest (Brazil, Colombia, Peru)
South Florida rocklands (United States)
Southern Andean Yungas (Argentina, adobe acrobat reader free downloadBrazil)
Southwest Amazon moist forests (Bolivia, Brazil, Peru)
Talamancan montane forests (Costa Rica, Panama)
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests (Brazil)
Tepuis (Brazil, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela)
Tocantins-Araguaia-Maranhão moist forests (Brazil)
Trinidad and Tobago moist forests (Trinidad and Tobago)
Trinidade-Martin Vaz Islands tropical forests (Brazil)
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests (Brazil, Guyana, Suriname)
Ucayali moist forests (Peru)
Venezuelan Andes montane forests (Colombia, Venezuela)
Veracruz moist forest (Mexico)
Veracruz montane forests (Mexico)
Western Ecuador moist forests (Colombia, Ecuador)
Windward Islands moist forests (Dominica, Grenada, Martinique, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests (Brazil)
Yucatán moist forests (Belize, Guatemala, Mexico)
Carolines tropical moist forests (Federated States of Micronesia)
Central Polynesian tropical moist forests (Cook Islands, Johnston Atoll, Kiribati, Palmyra Atoll)
Cook Islands tropical moist forests (Cook Islands)
Eastern Micronesia tropical moist forests acrobat reader download(Marshall Islands, Nauru, Kiribati, Wake Island)
Fiji tropical moist forests (Fiji)
Hawaii tropical moist forests (Hawaii)
Kermadec Islands subtropical moist forests (New Zealand)
Marquesas tropical moist forests (French Polynesia)
Ogasawara subtropical moist forests (Japan)
Palau tropical moist forests (Palau)
Rapa Nui and Sala-y-Gomez subtropical broadleaf forests (Chile)
Samoan tropical moist forests (American Samoa, Western Samoa)
Society Islands tropical moist forests (French Polynesia)
Tongan tropical moist acrobat reader free downloadforests (Tonga)
Tuamotu tropical moist forests (French Polynesia)
Tubuai tropical moist forests (French Polynesia)
Western Polynesian tropical moist forests (Kiribati, Tokelau, Tuvalu)
Gizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests (China)
Yunnan free adobe acrobatPlateau subtropical evergreen forests (China)
Terrestrial biomes Ecozones

Administrative division of the Republic of Karelia




Republic of Karelia, Russia
As of 2002
of districts, national districts, and volosts
(,) 16
of cities/towns
13
of urban settlements
11
of selsovet and rural settlement councils
131
of rural settlements
775
of uninhabited rural settlements
94
Cities and towns under republics jurisdiction:
Petrozavodsk (capital) - pop. no data (2002) >
Kem
Kondopoga
Kostomuksha
with 1 rural administration under the towns jurisdiction.
Pitkyaranta
Segezha
Sortavala
Urban settlements under the towns jurisdiction:
Khelyulya
Vyartsilya
with 1 rural settlement council and 3 rural administrations under the towns jurisdiction.
Districts:
Belomorsky District, Republic of Karelia
Towns under the districts jurisdiction:
Belomorsk
with 4 rural settlement councils and 6 rural administrations under the districts jurisdiction.
Kemsky District, Republic of Karelia
with 2 rural adobe acrobat reader free downloadsettlement councils and 4 rural administrations under the districts jurisdiction.
Kondopozhsky District, Republic of Karelia
with 5 rural settlement councils and 5 rural administrations under free adobe acrobatthe districts jurisdiction.
Lakhdenpokhsky District, Republic of Karelia
Towns under the districts jurisdiction:
Lakhdenpokhya
with 1 rural settlement council and 3 rural administrations under the districts jurisdiction.
Loukhsky District, Republic of Karelia
Urban settlements under the districts jurisdiction:
Chupa
Loukhi
Pyaozersky
with 3 rural settlement councils and 4 rural administrations under the districts jurisdiction.
Medvezhyegorsky District, Republic of Karelia
Towns under the districts jurisdiction:
Medvezhyegorsk
Urban settlements under the districts jurisdiction:
Pindushi
Povenets
with 13 rural administrations under the districts jurisdiction.
Muyezersky District, Republic of Karelia
Urban settlements under the districts jurisdiction:
Muyezersky
with 1 rural settlement council and 12 rural administrations zibiah95lkunder the districts jurisdiction.
Olonetsky District, Republic mahonxpu3of Karelia
Towns under the districts jurisdiction:
Olonets
with 9 rural administrations under the districts jurisdiction.
Pitkyarantsky District, Republic of Karelia
with 3 rural settlement councils and 2 rural administrations under the districts jurisdiction.
Prionezhsky District, Republic of Karelia
with 5 rural settlement councils and 4 rural administrations under the districts jurisdiction.
Pryazhinsky District, Republic of acrobat reader free downloadKarelia
Urban settlements under the districts jurisdiction:
Pryazha
with 1 rural settlement council and 11 rural administrations under the districts jurisdiction.
Pudozhsky District, Republic of Karelia
Towns under the districts jurisdiction:
Pudozh
with 2 rural settlement councils and 8 rural administrations under the districts jurisdiction.
Segezhsky District, Republic of Karelia
Urban settlements under the districts jurisdiction:
Nadvoitsy
with 3 rural settlement councils and 1 rural administration under the districts jurisdiction.
Suoyarvsky District, Republic of Karelia
Towns under the districts jurisdiction:
Suoyarvi
with 2 rural settlement councils and acrobat reader free download6 rural administrations under the districts jurisdiction.
National district:
Kalevalsky National District, Republic of Karelia
Urban settlements under the adobe acrobat 70national districts jurisdiction:
Kalevala, Russia
with 4 rural administrations under the national districts jurisdiction.
Volost:
Vepsskaya National download adobe acrobat readerVolost, Republic of Karelia
with 2 rural administrations under the volosts jurisdiction.

Alexander Obrenovich



Alexander Obrenovich (Aleksandar Obrenovi (Roman), (Cyrillic)) (August 14, 1876 - June 11, 1903), was king of Serbia. In 1889 his father, King Milan, abdicated and proclaimed him king of Serbia under a regency until he should attain his majority at eighteen years of age. In 1893, King Alexander, being then in his seventeenth year, made his notable first coup détat, proclaimed himself of full age, dismissed the regents and their government, and took the royal authority into his own hands. His action was popular, and was rendered still more so by his appointment of a radical ministry. In May acrobat reader1894 King Alexander, by another coup détat, abolished the liberal constitution of 1889 and restored the conservative one of 1869. His attitude during the Turco-Greek war of 1897 was one of strict neutrality. In 1898 he appointed his father commander-in-chief of the Serbian army, and from that time, or rather from his return to Serbia in 1894 until 1900, ex-king Milan was regarded as the de facto ruler of the country. During the summer of 1900, Milan was away from Serbia taking waters in Carlsbad and making arrangements to secure the hand of a Germany princess for his son, and while the premier, Dr Vladan Dyorevich, was visiting the Paris Universal Exhibition, King Alexander suddenly announced to the people of Serbia his engagement to Mme Draga Masin, a widow, formerly a lady-in-waiting to Queen Natalie. The projected union aroused great opposition at first. Ex-King Milan resigned his post, so did the government, and acrobat distillerKing Alexander had great difficulty in forming a new cabinet. But the opposition subsided somewhat on the publication of Tsar Nicholass congratulations to the king on his engagement and of his acceptance to act as the principal witness at the wedding. The marriage was then duly celebrated in August 1900. Still this union was unpopular and weakened the position of King Alexander in the army and the country. King Alexander tried to reconcile political parties by granting from his own initiative a liberal constitution, introducing for the first time in the constitutional history of Serbia the system of two chambers (skupshtina and senate). This reconciled the political parties but did not reconcile the army which, already dissatisfied with the darelene1luskings marriage, became still more acrobat reader downloadso at the rumours that one of the two unpopular brothers of Queen Draga, Lieutenant Nicodiye, was to be proclaimed heir-apparent to the throne. Meanwhile the independence of the senate and of the council of state caused growing irritation to King Alexander, which led him to another coup détat. He suspended (March 1903) the constitution for half an hour, time enough to publish the decrees by which the old senators and councillors of state were diondregmzqdismissed and replaced by new ones. This arbitrary act naturally increased the adobe acrobat downloaddissatisfaction in the country. The general impression was that inasmuch as the senate was packed with men devoted to the royal couple, and inasmuch as the government obtained a large majority at the general elections, King Alexander would not hesitate any longer to proclaim Queen Dragas adobe acrobat free downloadbrother as the heir to the throne. Apparently to prevent this, but in reality to replace Alexander Obrenovich by Peter Karageorgevich, a military conspiracy was organized. The conspirators penetrated into the palace and savagely murdered King Alexander and Queen Draga in the early acrobat reader free downloadmorning of June 11, 1903.

References

1911

San Diego Convention Center



The San Diego Convention Center is the convention center for the city of San Diego, California. It is located in downtown San Diego, near the Gaslamp Quarter, at 111 West Harbor Drive. The center is run by the San Diego Convention Center Corporation. The convention center boasts 525,701 square feet (48,839 square meters) of exhibit space. It reached free adobe acrobat readerthis figure after a major expansion that was completed in September 2001. The centers most distinguishing download adobe acrobat readerfeature is Sails Pavilion, which is the central hallway of the center. The hallways roof consists of glass supported by sail-like structures that make a unique contribution to San Diegos skyline. The resemblance to sails is intended to embody San Diegos rich maritime history and free acrobat readerties to the sea, as well as to advertise the centers proximity to the San Diego shore. Notable events hosted at the convention center include the annual Comic-Con International convention, free adobe acrobat readerWizards of the Coasts 2001 Super Trainer Showdown for the Pokémon Trading Card Game and an episode of acrobat distillerAntiques Roadshow. It was cuuladhylb9also the adobe acrobat 70venue for the 1996 Republican National edelmarppd5Convention.